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redis 负载均衡 集群配置
2014年04月04日 数据库 ⁄ 共 7335字 暂无评论 ⁄ 被围观 3,735 views+

redis 官网:http://redis.io/

中文网站: http://redis.cn/

谷歌代码的redis项目: https://code.google.com/p/redis/

                          http://www.oschina.net/p/redis/

在oschina.net的介绍:

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Redis 是一个高性能的key-value数据库。 redis的出现,很大程度补偿了memcached这类keyvalue存储的不足,在部 分场合可以对关系数据库起到很好的补充作用。它提供了Python,Ruby,Erlang,PHP客户端,使用很方便。

性能测试结果:

SET操作每秒钟 110000 次,GET操作每秒钟 81000 次,服务器配置如下:

Linux 2.6, Xeon X3320 2.5Ghz.

stackoverflow 网站使用 Redis 做为缓存服务器。
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我要做的事情就是,在多台linux服务器中,部署redis,由于redis的集群功能没有完全编写好,见:http://redis.io/topics/cluster-spec

目前 redis的最新版本是:redis-2.6.13.tar.gz

但是redis可以做一个主从复制的设置,见redis.conf的 复制【REPLICATION】 部分注释和设置

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#
################################ REPLICATION #################################
# Master-Slave replication. Use slaveof to make a Redis instance a copy of
# another Redis server. Note that the configuration is local to the slave
# so for example it is possible to configure the slave to save the DB with a
# different interval, or to listen to another port, and so on.
#
# slaveof <masterip> <masterport>
 
# If the master is password protected (using the "requirepass" configuration
# directive below) it is possible to tell the slave to authenticate before
# starting the replication synchronization process, otherwise the master will
# refuse the slave request.
#
# masterauth <master-password>
 
# When a slave loses its connection with the master, or when the replication
# is still in progress, the slave can act in two different ways:
#
# 1) if slave-serve-stale-data is set to 'yes' (the default) the slave will
#    still reply to client requests, possibly with out of date data, or the
#    data set may just be empty if this is the first synchronization.
#
# 2) if slave-serve-stale-data is set to 'no' the slave will reply with
#    an error "SYNC with master in progress" to all the kind of commands
#    but to INFO and SLAVEOF.
#

slave-serve-stale-data yes

#You can configure a slave instance to accept writes or not. Writing against
# a slave instance may be useful to store some ephemeral data (because data
# written on a slave will be easily deleted after resync with the master) but
# may also cause problems if clients are writing to it because of a
# misconfiguration.
#
# Since Redis 2.6 by default slaves are read-only.
#
# Note: read only slaves are not designed to be exposed to untrusted clients
# on the internet. It's just a protection layer against misuse of the instance.
# Still a read only slave exports by default all the administrative commands
# such as CONFIG, DEBUG, and so forth. To a limited extend you can improve
# security of read only slaves using 'rename-command' to shadow all the
# administrative / dangerous commands.

slave-read-only yes

 

#

Slaves send PINGs to server in a predefined interval. It's possible to change
# this interval with the repl_ping_slave_period option. The default value is 10
# seconds.
#
# repl-ping-slave-period 10
 
# The following option sets a timeout for both Bulk transfer I/O timeout and
# master data or ping response timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.
#
# It is important to make sure that this value is greater than the value
# specified for repl-ping-slave-period otherwise a timeout will be detected
# every time there is low traffic between the master and the slave.
#
# repl-timeout 60
 
# Disable TCP_NODELAY on the slave socket after SYNC?
#
# If you select "yes" Redis will use a smaller number of TCP packets and
# less bandwidth to send data to slaves. But this can add a delay for
# the data to appear on the slave side, up to 40 milliseconds with
# Linux kernels using a default configuration.
#
# If you select "no" the delay for data to appear on the slave side will
# be reduced but more bandwidth will be used for replication.
#
# By default we optimize for low latency, but in very high traffic conditions
# or when the master and slaves are many hops away, turning this to "yes" may
# be a good idea.

repl-disable-tcp-nodelay no

#The slave priority is an integer number published by Redis in the INFO output.
# It is used by Redis Sentinel in order to select a slave to promote into a
# master if the master is no longer working correctly.
# A slave with a low priority number is considered better for promotion, so
# for instance if there are three slaves with priority 10, 100, 25 Sentinel will
# pick the one wtih priority 10, that is the lowest.
#
# However a special priority of 0 marks the slave as not able to perform the
# role of master, so a slave with priority of 0 will never be selected by
# Redis Sentinel for promotion.
#
# By default the priority is 100.

slave-priority 100

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看了上面的默认配置,其实也很容易理解,修改下就可以配置主从复制了,有 slaveof <masterip> <masterport> ,就成了 从服务器 ,没有就是 主服务器。

还有 主服务器 安全的设置 

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#
################################# SECURITY ###################################
# Require clients to issue AUTH <PASSWORD> before processing any other
# commands.  This might be useful in environments in which you do not trust
# others with access to the host running redis-server.
#
# This should stay commented out for backward compatibility and because most
# people do not need auth (e.g. they run their own servers).
#
# Warning: since Redis is pretty fast an outside user can try up to
# 150k passwords per second against a good box. This means that you should
# use a very strong password otherwise it will be very easy to break.
#
# requirepass foobared
# Command renaming.
#
# It is possible to change the name of dangerous commands in a shared
# environment. For instance the CONFIG command may be renamed into something
# hard to guess so that it will still be available for internal-use tools
# but not available for general clients.
#
# Example:
#
# rename-command CONFIG b840fc02d524045429941cc15f59e41cb7be6c52
#
# It is also possible to completely kill a command by renaming it into
# an empty string:
#
# rename-command CONFIG ""
#
# Please note that changing the name of commands that are logged into the
# AOF file or transmitted to slaves may cause problems.

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对了,redis的编译安装非常简单,下载redis-2.6.13.tar.gz后,

tar xvf redis-2.6.13.tar.gz

cd redis-2.6.13

make && make install

将会把redis-server、redis-cli、redis-benchmark、redis-check-aof、redis-check-dump 五个文件复制到 /usr/local/bin/下

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[root@localhost ~]# ll /usr/local/bin
总用量 12464
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 3853805 6月  18 18:54 redis-benchmark
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root   16459 6月  18 18:54 redis-check-aof
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root   37707 6月  18 18:54 redis-check-dump
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 3909826 6月  18 18:54 redis-cli
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 4931736 6月  18 18:54 redis-server
[root@localhost ~]#
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然后将源码中的 redis.conf 复制到 /etc/redis.conf

再制作一个 init.d 的启动脚本:

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#!/usr/bin/env bash
#
# redis start up the redis server daemon
#
# chkconfig: 345 99 99
# description: redis service in /etc/init.d/redis \
#             chkconfig --add redis or chkconfig --list redis \
#             service redis start  or  service redis stop
# processname: redis-server
# config: /etc/redis.conf

PATH=/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/bin

REDISPORT=6379
EXEC=/usr/local/bin/redis-server
REDIS_CLI=/usr/local/bin/redis-cli

PIDFILE=/var/run/redis.pid
CONF="/etc/redis.conf"
#make sure some dir exist
if [ ! -d /var/lib/redis ] ;then
    mkdir -p /var/lib/redis
    mkdir -p /var/log/redis
fi

case "$1" in
    status)
        ps -A|grep redis
        ;;
    start)
        if [ -f $PIDFILE ]
        then
                echo "$PIDFILE exists, process is already running or crashed"
        else
                echo "Starting Redis server..."
                $EXEC $CONF
        fi
        if [ "$?"="0" ]
        then
              echo "Redis is running..."
        fi
        ;;
    stop)
        if [ ! -f $PIDFILE ]
        then
                echo "$PIDFILE does not exist, process is not running"
        else
                PID=$(cat $PIDFILE)
                echo "Stopping ..."
                $REDIS_CLI -p $REDISPORT SHUTDOWN
                while [ -x ${PIDFILE} ]
               do
                    echo "Waiting for Redis to shutdown ..."
                    sleep 1
                done
                echo "Redis stopped"
        fi
        ;;
   restart|force-reload)
        ${0} stop
        ${0} start
        ;;
  *)
    echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/redis {start|stop|restart|force-reload}" >&2
        exit 1
esac
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将上面内容复制到 /etc/init.d/redis

chkconfig --add redis

chkconfig --list redis

service redis start 

开启了服务,对了忘记了 /etc/redis.conf里面可以把  daemonize no 修改为

daemonize yes

就可以默认在后台执行redis-server了。

这就是主服务器,从服务器,配置一样,只不过 修改/etc/redis.conf 中 

slaveof <masterip> 6379

然后开启从服务器的redis服务。

 

测试

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#主服务器
redis-cli -p 6379
set hello world
 

#从服务器

redis-cli -p 6379 get hello
"world"

#主服务器
redis-cli -p 6379
set hello world2
 

#从服务器

redis-cli -p 6379 get hello
"world2"
 
redis-cli -p 6379

set hello world
(error) READONLY You can't write against a read only slave.

 
#成功 配置主从redis 服务器。好简单啊。

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由于配置中有一条 从服务器 是只读的,所以从服务器 没法设置数据,只可以读取数据。

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